Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatments.
Periodontal disease progresses as the pocket between the tooth and gums that gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation and disease to the surrounding tissues. When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth! Left untreated this can result in tooth loss.
If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, one to two appointments will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular dental cleanings.
Laser Assisted Periodontal Therapy Is a conservative non-surgical treatment of periodontal disease. It is sometimes known as Scaling and Root Planing. It is usually a series of appointments done one quadrant of the mouth at a time while the area is numb. In this procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (planing). After removing the tartar and calculus the laser is used to remove diseased and infected tissues lining the pocket. The Laser will also kill the bacteria that causes the gum disease and promote healing and pockets to shrink. Medications, special medicated mouth rinses, and an electric tooth brush may be recommended to help control infection and healing. Regular hygiene follow-up appointments are necessary to maintain health.
If the pockets do not heal after laser assisted periodontal therapy, Your dentist may also recommend that you consult with a periodontist (specialist of the gums and supporting bone).